River Stars Reindeer Exhibition
"Orochen with Reindeer Before the Crossing of the Amur"
Aleksandr Yakovlev, 1911
"A shaman, shamaness & Achinsk Lama with Helpers"
"Aside from figures of animals one can find amulets of boats, fangs, bows, and arrows, male and female faces of the spirits Savaki, stars and lightning.
There are also discs representing the sun, moon (if semi-circular), rainbow (a ring) or the sky. The sky is represented as a four-sided figure with the same shape cut-out within, and representations of stars along its sides. The shaman goes to the Upper World through this hole.
The entire collection makes such a loud noise..."
Sergei Shirokogoroff, 1912-14: folio 227 (abridged)
"Elizabeth Shirokogoroff Feeding their Dogs"
"Types of Amur Orochen"
"Seleznev and His Companion Dressed in Winter Clothing"
"Three Orochen Hunters"
"An Orochen man with a Horse"
Orochens consider the best quality of horse to be a robust horse...
Since their hunting lifestyle does not allow them to put up hay, the horses are trained to go without fodder for 2-3 days. They also train horses to eat berries, brush, and meat. First they give the horse some boiled highly salted meat, then they give meat without salt, and then they give raw meat. The normal ration is given once per day in the morning - 8 funty (3kg) of meat per horse. These "non-vegetarian" horses survivce to age 25 in the taiga and are very robust and strong.
Elizabeth Shirokogoroff, 1919:29
"Orochen Woman Sewing"
The preparation of clothing - be it coverings, sewing, or preparing leather - is completely the responsibility of women. Every woman learns to sew from childhood...some women specialise in footware, others in making mats, and others do ornaments. ... They sew well to impress the men. Orochens love displaying their work and an aesthetic sense lies deeply in their psyche. Often one can see a woman spending time assembling some small items when other more important work waits.
Sergei Shirokogoroff, 1912-14: folio 73