Eagles, hawks and vultures
American vultures and condors: 6 species
The toes of these birds are weak and adapted for walking and running, not clutching; the three front toes have rudimentary webbing. Their bills are also weak and unable to tear most flesh until it is partly decayed.
There is one species: the secretary bird Sagittarius serpentarius which is found in sparsely wooded grasslands or veldts in Africa. It has a long crest and long legs. It can fly, but usually runs. It eats snakes and other reptiles.
Eagles, hawks and Old World vultures: 205 species
These birds have broad wings, usually rounded at the tip, and strong claws. Unlike falcons, they have no notch or 'tooth' on the bill.
There is one species: osprey Pandion haliaetus which is widely distributed near water, where it catches fish. It has broad pointed wings and four toes of equal length, the outer one being reversible.
Falcons: 58 species
These birds have long pointed wings, bare ankles and feet and a notch or 'tooth' on the upper part of the bill. They do not make nests but breed on the ground, on ledges or in deserted nests.
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